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Nature conservation has the task of preserving and developing the diversity, uniqueness and beauty of nature and landscape. Diversity also includes species diversity in particular – all animal and plant species naturally occurring in our country are to be given a permanent place to live.

In order to achieve the goals of nature conservation, various types of protected areas are designated.

Protective Areas protect larger areas with the occurrence of rare biotopes, animal and plant species in which nature conservation has priority over other concerns. Smaller areas (less than 5 ha) can be designated as a natural monument. Natural monuments can also be individual creations of nature, such as rock formations or landscape-dominating trees.

Diverse beautiful landscapes are designated as landscape protection areas. There, construction measures are subject to strict restrictions, but the previous agricultural use can be continued without restriction.

NATURA-2000 sites, namely bird sanctuaries and fauna-flora (FHH) sites, have European protection status. Bird-protected areas are intended to safeguard the habitat of certain rare bird species over large areas, and FFH areas comprise certain biotope types defined by vegetation studies (e.g. beech forests, mowing meadows). These FFH biotopes must also be preserved if they lie outside a delimited FFH area.

Further biotopes, such as wet meadows, are subject to national protection as “protected biotopes”. Their existence and quality must not be damaged.

The cities of Südbaar are involved in many areas of nature conservation. Some examples are listed here:

 Biotope networking
Through the new development and shaping of biotopes, the landscape of the Baar is to be made ecologically more valuable, but also more varied and attractive. Every year new biotopes are created, be it rows of trees, hedges or small areas of water. This also fills the municipal eco-account, which can be used to compensate for interventions within the framework of building plans.

 Forestry
The forests of the Baar and the eastern slopes of the Black Forest have so far been largely dominated by pure spruce stands. The forestry administration has long pursued a near-natural line in silviculture that focuses on site-specific mixed stands and rebuilds the forests in this direction. This policy is supported by the cities as major forest owners. One obstacle, however, is the fact that in some places game populations are still too high.

 Gewässer

The near-natural design of water bodies has a considerable influence on their ecological value. The municipalities of Südbaar are involved in the renaturation of the 2nd order water bodies. You can find out more about this in the “Water bodies” section.

Source: Gerhard Bronner

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